Every specialization has its own value, demand and future. Few give better scope of placement because of its higher application and demand. Following are specializations and their preferences in IITs and NITs generally
M.Tech specializations in Civil Engineering and their order of preference
1. Engineering Structures
2. Construction Technology & Management
3. Geotechnical Engineering
4. Transportation Engineering
5. Environmental Engineering
6. Remote Sensing & GIS
7. Water Resource Engineering
8. Offshore Structures
M.Tech specializations in Chemical Engineering and their order of preference
1. Chemical Engineering
2. Energy Engineering
3. Process Control & Instrumentation
M.Tech specializations in Computer Science and Engineering and their order of preference
1. Computer Science
2. Information Technology
3. Information Security
4. Software Engineering
5. Distributed Computing
6. Image Processing
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M.Tech specializations in Electrical Engineering and their order of preference
1. Power Electronics & Drives
2. Power Systems Engineering
3. Instrumentation & Control Systems
4. Computer Controlled Industrial Power
M.Tech specializations in Mechanical Engineering and their order of preference
1. Thermal Engineering
2. Computer Integrated Manufacturing
3. Automobile Engineering
4. Manufacturing Engineering
5. Material Technology
6. Industrial Engineering
7. Product Design and Development
8. Industrial Safety Engineering
M.Tech specializations in Electronics and Communication Engineering (E&CE) and their order of preference
1. Advanced Communication Systems
2. VLSI System Design
3. Signal Processing
4. Electronic Instrumentation
Why Choose Mtech??
Educational qualifications play a very important role in one's life in gaining success. Of course, technical skills matter a lot, but a candidate with higher academic qualification will be given preference.
While pursuing a higher degree, you will be exposed to the applications of engineering in day-to-day life a little more. You will be getting more insight into the subjects as you are already familiar with these topics learnt at the bachelor level.
This degree will also land you in a far more well-paid job getting which is quite hard on the basis of your B.Tech degree. Whether it is private company or government organization, candidate with a higher degree is considered more competent for the job.
Opportunities after MTech??
- Secure a reputed job in IT companies like Google,FB,Microsoft etc
- Teaching offers in reputed Btech Colleges
- Getting engaged in Research domain
Bored of studying? Then getting selected in a decent company visiting your campus seems a good option. If you don't have any intentions of studying further, or at least immediately after B. Tech, you can opt for a job. This is considered to be a safer option where you get time to decide which field you want to stick to-Technical or you want to shift your core interest area from technical to management to some other stream.
Other than Campus placements you can try to get a job in out-campus placement drives,pool campus drives,walk in interviews and you can also prepare for exams like Amcat
and E-Litmus for getting numerous job offers.
There are various short term courses and diploma courses you can opt for after your B.Tech. It can be a certificate course in embedded technology, VLSI, robotics, ethical hacking, protocol testing, machine designing,testing,network management,coding etc. or a diploma course in any specific domain.
Such courses are generally job oriented and serve as a bridge between what you know and what the industry expects you to know in order to absorb you into their organization.
This is the most challenging thing that you can do just after your Btech.So if you have an idea that can be implemented then you can start your own company.
From Job Seeker you can become a Job creator. But before you think about it you need to be sure about your options. Startup is trending more as a fashion then a career option. Being your own boss does not mean you can ignore work and life would be easy. Starting your venture and making it succeed would be the toughest of all the things you can do. It will have ups and downs every new day.
Give a chance to the patriot in you. Joining the Army/Navy/Air Force or any other wing of the defense services can be exciting and high paying at the same time. You can join as technical staff by applying through the University Entry Scheme (UES), which requires you to apply on their respective websites or appear for the AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test). You can also apply for flying positions in Indian Air Force by clearing AFCAT.
There's always the options to join the civil services (IAS/IRS/IFS/IPS) after Btech.
Options After Medical
MD/MS/Diploma - This is the most commonly chosen path after MBBS for people who wish to continue with their medical career. You can pursue post graduation in various specialties like internal medicine, general surgery, obs. & gynaecology, paediatrics, etc. For this you need to give AIPGMEE exam, held in December every year. There's no need to mention about the scope of this field as specialist Doctors are the need of the hour. MD/MS are 3 year degree courses while diploma is a 2 year program.
Diploma of National Board(DNB) - This is the next best option to pursue for people continuing with their dreams of becoming a specialist doctor. DNB is a postgraduate course offered by the National board of Examinations, and recognised by the MCI. But there are a few problems with DNB. Firstly, the pass rates in DNB are very low, depending on your course and hospital from which you complete your course (find here - Official Pass rates in DNB for the last 4 Years!! ). Secondly, many hospitals give preference to MD/MS candidates than DNB candidates. Thirdly, DNB course is provided mostly in private hospitals where the amount of exposure is less than govt. hospitals, specially in surgical branches.
Combined Medical Services(CMS) - UPSC conducts CMS examination every year in the month of July/August for entry into government institutions like Railways, Municipal Corporations as Medical Officers. The exam can be given by final year students and interns. It is a good option if you want a permanent job with the government and if you like to be a part of the administrative work force of the hospital.
Civil Services - There's always the options to join the civil services (IAS/IRS/IFS/IPS) after MBBS. A good career option but you won't be dealing with patients anymore. Sought by many doctors.
MBA - The demand for Doctor's with MBA is increasingly drastically, with many private hospitals, pharmaceutical companies being set up. Many MBA institutions take up doctors in their programs because of this. Few institutes offering MBA are IIM's, FMS Delhi, IBS Hyderabad, MDI Gurgaon, XLRI Jamshedpur. You need to give CAT for admission.
Clinical Research - India is lacking behind when it comes to research work. There is a great demand for clinical researchers. Various institutes to offer research opportunities are ICMR(Indian Council for Medical Research), CIMAP, CCMB(Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology), St. John's Research institute. One can also join WHO. Many institutes like AIIMS, PGI, NIMHANS, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (TIFR) offer a Ph.D. degree.
Masters in Health Administration(MHA) - It is a 3 year post-graduate degree(M.D.) in Health Administration which helps students to acquire the skills required in managing big specialty hospitals, clinics, insurance companies, etc.
M.Tech in Biomedical Engineering and Biological Sciences - It is being offered in the IIT's for students who want to pursue their career in developing machines and instruments to provide better health care
There are various opportunities available for the students after B.Sc,B.Sc(Hons). The students can go in a research field, in some colleges the students are recruited directly by the big organizations at a very good salary package, some professional B.Sc. courses like animation and IT open the door of animation and IT industry for the graduates, the other professional B.Sc. field also have vast career opportunities.
MSc.:Today M.Sc in India is providing a base platform for those who want to get involved in higher studies and to get some good results in future. After graduation it opens various fields for many students to fulfil his/her desires. Not only has this it also enabled a student to get into some good respectable jobs in India and abroad. Because of this M.Sc has a commendable charm when it comes to opt for a career after the bachelor's degree.
After completing M.Sc any student can easily go to the Research network line which enables them to go for their dream organizations like the ones of BARC, ISRO etc.
Secondly, it provides the all necessary platform for the individual who want to pursue higher education in Doctorate degree.
Thirdly, it also provides student the opportunity to get involved in teaching line which is no doubt a respectable job in any society. For many courses like M.Phil, PhD, lecturer ship in the field of science M.Sc is a necessary criterion.
Today when India is rising as an IT hub, this M.Sc degree has a remarkable position. M.Sc in IT OR computers helps a student to get some good jobs in the MNC's related to IT and computer sector. Not only this, there are many companies, industries and other sectors which provides good jobs to the M.Sc degree holders.
1) Pharmacist - The B Pharm graduate can work as a hospital Pharmacist, like wockhardt hospital, Apollo hospital, etc.
Being in the health-related field, the B Pharm graduate can also joined arm forces as a pharmacist or else can join any govt. hospital or any NGO , trust etc.
2) Medical Transcription - The B Pharm graduate can work with medical practitioners (doctors) to maintain the patient treatment history, the drug to which he/she is allergic etc. Also some private company hired B.Pharm graduate to help them in translating medical terms they received from other or same country doctors.
3) Sales and Marketing - Good communication skills with pleasant personality can opt for the job of Medical Sales Representative (MR-Ship Job). The companies prefer pharmacy graduates for this job, as they have a good knowledge about the drug molecules, their therapeutic effects, mechanism of action of drug and the drug - drug interactions. Ambitious achievers can grow in this filed up to the level of MD, Zonal manager or product manager etc. of the company, so just be focus during this job and work hard till you achieve what you want.
4) Quality Assurance / Control Manager - The Pharmacy graduate can maintain the quality of the manufactured drug in the company. She/he has to look for any update in the regulatory norms and accordingly developed the drug in the pharmaceutical company. She/he is working as a Quality assurance or quality control officer/manager in various companies.
5) Go for M Pharm - After Mpharm a person can go for (other then above mentioned jobs) teaching,Research and development ,Packaging,Clinical Research etc.
Once you have earned a graduate degree in this field you can go for the master's level (MSc, ME, MTech). For a Masters in Biotechnology, you should either have a graduate degree in biotechnology or in any subject that is related to biological sciences. A graduate degree in subjects such as biochemistry, biology, botany, chemistry, microbiology, pharmacy, veterinary sciences or zoology is acceptable for an entry into a post-graduate program in biotechnology.
It should be kept in mind that a post-graduate qualification in biotechnology is a must to enter the profitable and ever-expanding field of biotechnical applications
As it is a blend of numerous disciplines, you have to do a specialisation in a number of fields. Some of the common areas of research include fields like: Agriculture and Agricultural Development, Animal Husbandry, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Botany, Dairy Technology, Environmental Protection, Fishery Development, Genetics, Horticulture, Medicine, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nutrition, Pharmacology, Tissue Culture and Zoology.
After post-graduation, you can apply for a doctoral program and from then on if need be, immerse yourself in post-doctoral research. Here, it is important to point out that a majority of students prefer to do their PhD and post-doctoral research from foreign universities.
- We know that India is an IT power thus it is obvious that the course of BCA will provide jobs in the IT sector.
The companies such as Wipro, InfoTech, Satyam, [TCS] Tata Consultancy Service , Siemens Communications, and even International companies such as Vodafone, and Essar Communications are hiring Students every year .
- It is of out sounding news to know that even the Students are getting placements in dairy firms, banking firms. The firms are hiring more of the BCA applicants for there software based queries.
If one wishes to become a Software Developer or web-designer or wants to take up a career in Systems Management, then BCA is the best course to get an early start for their careers.
- Job opportunities can be found in both large and small software development organizations as well as hardware companies.With job titles like
Senior Web Designer
Data Entry Clerk
PHP Web Developer
- MCA:MCA (Master of Computer Applications) is a three-year Professional Master Degree program in Computer Science. The objective behind MCA is to equip students with the latest technologies, tools and applications in IT and to meet the ever-growing requirement of IT professionals. MCA students need to study Financial Management, Accounting, Mathematics, Programming Languages like C, Java, ASP .Net, Web Development, Database Management System, and so on.
MCA post graduates are hired both by Government agencies NTPC, GAIL, BHEL, etc and private IT companies like Accenture, Infosys, Wipro, TCS, Cognizant, IBM, American Express, HCL, HP and so on. As a fresher, an MCA professional can expect anything around 2.4 to 3.4 lakhs, and with experience, sky is the limit! With some years of experience, a Software Engineer can become a Lead, an Analyst, a Project Manager, a General Manager and so on. Initially MCA students are given a few weeks of training on the job, before they get started on LIVE projects. They need to work in different roles and areas in the beginning and then gradually specialize in a specific field.
Business administration is one of the most challenging and respected job fields. It involves the planning, strategy, implementation, policies, design, administration, maintenance, control and structure of any business. It provides an individual an opportunity to showcase his talent in the corporate field and offers handsome salary as per the caliber of the individual. After the completion of this course, the candidate can choose the corporate sector, IT industries, manufacturing units, various corporations, and global industrial world.
Degree (post graduation)/Integrated Course
2 Years/5 Years
around 3-5 lakh per Annum (for fresher)
TOP FIVE SPECIALISATIONS IN MBA ARE
MBA in finance is the oldest form of MBA specialization. It prepares you in various subjects like costing, budgeting, International finance, Capital Management etc. After studying these subjects you become specialized in Financial Management which enables you to work in finance department of any organization. If you want to persue MBA in finance then you must be a graduate in any stream.
MBA Marketing is very dynamic and competitive. MBA in marketing helps a student to understand consumer behavior, market, advertising and many other important fields. One needs to have excellent communication skills, resource mobilization skills and an undying zeal to excel in marketing. If you want to persue MBA in Marketing then you must be a graduate in any stream.
- Human Recourse (HR)
MBA in HR Management is for those wanting to develop a management career in HR and strategy. This includes diversity, mergers and acquisitions, labor markets and emerging economics and international leadership. If you have good communication skills, a charismatic personality, and are dependable and confident, MBA in HR is for you. Graduate in any stream can persue MBA in HR.
- International Business (IB)
The Master of International Business provides an in-depth understanding of the organizational capabilities required for international operations, including specialized functions such as international marketing, finance etc. The degree may be thought of as an MBA with a particular focus on multinational corporations. Admission normally requires an undergraduate degree in any discipline.
MBA in Operations helps you to deal with Production Management or Shop Floor Management. You learn how to maintain process flows, develop vendor and inter-departmental relationships. Most candidates with engineering backgrounds go for MBA Operations, as it gives them an edge over their peers in product development and designing, and process optimization. However, graduate in any discipline can persue MBA in operation.
Higher studies and research
Law Schools as well as traditional universities like Delhi University offer Master's programme, LLM. This is open to candidates who have passed their Bachelor's degree in Law. It enables a candidate to specialize in his/ her area of choice like Constitutional Law, Labour Law, Human Rights Law, International Law, Intellectual Property Law and Corporate Law. In most universities this is a 2-year full-time programme divided into 4 semesters. The last semester is devoted to writing a dissertation under the supervision of a professor. NLS Bangalore offers LLM with specialization in Business Laws and Human Rights, while NALSAR University of Law Hyderabad is known for its LLM with specialization in Intellectual Property Law and also Corporate Law.
Very few universities in India offer MPhil degree in Law. However, NALSAR Hyderabad has a one-year MPhil programme with special focus on teaching and research. PhD programme in Law is offered at many universities including Delhi University, Madras University, Calcutta University, Bombay University, Nagpur University, National Law School Bangalore, NALSAR Hyderabad, NUJS Kolkata and NLU Jodhpur. The minimum qualification is LLM with 55% marks. Generally this calls for 3-5 years of original research by the candidate under one or more supervisors on an unexplored area in law.
There are a plethora of opportunities for a law graduate. One can either practice as an advocate in a court of law or work with corporate firms. By clearing exams conducted by Public Service Commissions, a law graduate can become a judge. After gaining experience, a law graduate can hope to become Solicitor General, a Public Prosecutor or offer services to government departments and ministries. One can also work as a legal adviser for various organisations. Teaching in colleges, working with NGOs and working as a reporter for newspapers and television channels are other attractive options.
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The Civil Services refer to the civil service and the permanent bureaucracy of the Government of India. The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country.
In the parliamentary democracy of India, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the elected representatives of the people which are the ministers. But the handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the manifold problems of modern administration. Thus the ministers lay down the policy and it is for the civil servants to carry out this policy.
The executive decisions are implemented by the Indian civil servants. The members of civil service serve at the pleasure of the President of India and Article 311 of the constitution protects them from politically motivated or vindictive action. Civil servants are employees of the Government of India; however, not all employees of the Government are civil servants. Civil servants in a personal capacity are paid from the Civil List. Senior civil servants may be called to account by Parliament.
The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS) among others.The examination is one of the toughest examinations in India with success rate of 0.1%-0.3% with more than 900,000 applicants. It is conducted in two phases - the Preliminary examination, consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies and Aptitude Test), and the Main examination, consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type followed by the Personality Test (Interview).The entire process from the notification of the Preliminary examination to declaration of the final results takes roughly one year.
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