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THE CONFUSION OF CAREER PATH IN INDIA


The weight of the pellucid word “ambition” is very burdensome in India and for the fulfilment of which, we often have to pursue a pathway which encompasses multiple confounding twists and turns. Contemplating the era of pre high school study, where scoring sky-scraping percentile seemed a child’s play or the hardcore acrid realities of the post high school period, where studying for the boards and rushing to join a coaching first evolved only as a matter of debate and later on further developed into a formidable dilemma. This saga continued down the road and into the future.

But in the thick of all this, majority of us compromise on our goals and aspirations, thereby ending up opting for a career which was never meant to provide us with a sense of accomplishment, pride and satisfaction. Here are 3 prominent reasons, which account for faulty and disfigured career choice by students explicitly in India.

  • Students are unaware of their Interest Space

    This is the most prevailing run-down in the current scenario as students are super busy paying excessive heed to their peers. Instead of identifying the activities and skills where they can excel, they are often drawn towards jobs which offer lucrative packages but doesn’t even have a distant kinship with the domain of their liking. As a ramification of all this, many of us end up making career choices which may sound cool at the beginning but such options usually turn out to be fruitless and catastrophic in the terms of job satisfaction. Therefore being well informed, attentive and mindful about one’s area of interest is very crucial for making a good career choice.

    Career Matrix

  • Students are well acquainted with their Interest Space but are still dubious about following that trail

    One of the most peculiar things about being an Indian is that lion’s share of us are driven by the fraudulent social norms and something which sounds even worse is that these pseudo-social norms directly influence the career choice of students. The Career aspirations and objectives of the pupil often conflict with those of people encompassing him/her. And hence to avoid such emulation students retreat and eventually give up on their dreams in the first place. What follows next is the feeling of despair of being stuck in a totally bizarre field. Something that we all must commemorate is that the only thing which is legitimate and worth honouring is one’s own conviction and propensity to succeed.

  • Students are self assured and well acquainted with their Interest Space but have the inadequate game plan and blue print for success

    Its usually said that not only having the appropriate resources that counts but also having the pertinent strategy that is quite essential in order to transform the desire into a series of positive outcomes. This logic is also applicable while opting for a career path. Generally students are not conscious about the pros and cons of choosing a particular career in terms of its scope and demand in the future. Therefore it becomes a necessity to examine one’s career prospects through various camera angles and then cerebrally choose upon the legitimate career direction.

    Lastly, just got to mention this

    ALWAYS INSPIRE YOURSELF AND BE YOUR OWN HERO!!

    Article by: Ayush Rai

  • To remedy this issue Prepjunkie brings to you an approach To know your Interests and Career Path

    • Note down your 10 skills(things you are good at like singing,dancing,handling children etc).Anyone can count 4-5 skills but we strongly recommend you to note exactly 10 skills,take your time and think deeply .
    • Now Note Down 10 things you are passionate for.(things which you enjoy the most like playing,coding,helping others,singing even if it is not your skill) and again we strongly recommend you to note exactly 10 skills,take your time and think deeply you can take help of your friends and family to help you note down
    • Now final things to note down are the things that makes you unique:those are the things that will take you to the great heights.
    Career Direction Venn diagram

    Keep Calm & Inspire Yourself






Options Available after Class-XII

This has been one of the most lucrative and competitive course to study since its inception in Indian engineering schools, colleges and universities. When India's computer industry created mark in world of business and gained super trust and revenue for the nation it also created large amount of well paid jobs for Computer Engineering students.

Computer science and engineering students will learn about basic engineering techniques, as other engineering students, during first year course. These techniques include Engineering Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, and Engineering drawing. From second year they are exposed to core computer science subjects like programming, data structures, Digital logic, Theoretical computer science, Algorithms, Computer networks, Operating systems, Web technologies, Databases and Computer Architecture are few to mention. This is really an excellent field to have opportunities both in software companies and higher studies. As computing is extensively applied to almost every walk of life it created massive jobs for Computer Engineering students. On the same time more demand and application kept it research funding alive attracting many students to opt for higher studies.


Skills Required:

People who enjoy a career in computer engineering usually have strong analytical skills and are able to focus on many tasks at once. Because computer engineers must sometimes work with customers and clients, the ability to express computer-related information in layman's terms is also valued. People who have passion for Computers and gadgets should go for CS engineering.


Core companies offering jobs to Computer science Engineers:

Government organizations like DRDL, ISRO, BARC , ECIL and BEL offer jobs to computer science students. There are thousands of multinational and national software companies offer jobs to computer engineers. To name few famous, Microsoft, Google, Yahoo, Amazon, IBM, Facebook, Oracle, Cisco, Infosys, TCS, and Wipro.

Average Salary for Computer science engineer: 4-5 Lakh INR a year.(Big Companies offer above 10lakh/annum pakages)

Universities and institutes offering Computer Science and Engineering Degree:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Prepare for IITs

Civil engineering is one of the most traditional engineering studies in India.A bachelor degree in civil engineering will give good opportunities in industry as India is moving fast forward for infrastructure development and one the same time leave a good space for higher studies at home and abroad like MS in civil engineering. Almost all top universities offer MS in civil engineering and there are good opportunities PhD and research too.

In the first year of study students will learn about the basic engineering techniques along with mathematics and engineering design. From second year students will be more focused towards core subject studies. Few of the subjects taught in these four years are Fluid Mechanics, Soil Mechanics, Design of Structures, and Structural Mechanics and water recourse engineering. Students are also partly exposed to subjects like Transportation Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Remote Sensing, Transportation Systems Engineering..etc.

Skills Required

Civil engineers plan and build construction projects from roadways to office buildings. Strong math and science skills are essential for the occupation, so significant coursework in these areas is required.

Core Companies for Civil Engineers: Associated Engineering Consultants, Larsen & Toubro Ltd., Railways, Engineers India Ltd., DRDO, ISRO, SERC and Jaypee Group are to name few companies and organizations that offer jobs to civil engineering students.

Average Salary for Civil engineer: 5-8 Lakh INR a year.

Posts on which a Civil Engineer can work:
  • Project Engineer,Construction
  • Assistant Project Manager,Construction
  • Project Manager,Construction
  • Construction Manager
  • Project Engineer
  • Structural Enginer

Universities and institutes offering Civil Engineering Degree:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Prepare for IITs

Mechanical engineering is one of oldest branch of engineering and this course is available in almost all engineering colleges across India. Mechanical engineering is really a broad field of engineering because of its application. It has application right from manufacturing plants, vehicles, ships, robots, heating and cooling systems, aircrafts, even in medical devices.

During the first year of Mechanical Engineering Degree students learn common engineering methods, mathematics, physics, chemistry and engineering design. From second they are exposed to specialized subjects like mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, materials science, energy…etc. Mechanical Engineering students after graduation will have the knowledge of these engineering concepts and will be ready to use them for industry.

Skills Required

excellent technical knowledge,good team working skills,the ability to manage projects,a high level of IT skill, particularly computer aided design.

Core Companies offering Mechanical Engineering Jobs: ISRO, DRDO, Indian Railway, ABB, TATA Motors, General Motors, Fiat, Reliance Industries, Reliance Power Ltd, Asoka Leyland, Mahindra and Mahindra etc.

Average Salary for Mechanical engineer: 5-8 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes offering Mechanical Engineering Degree:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Prepare for IITs

Student after 12th talking about engineering subjects looking to Engineering subject and for electrical engineering and think that it's a kind advanced work of an electrician, who come home to repair our electric fans and lights. But in reality its entirely different from that and you will be learning whole lot of Electrical engineering techniques and related stuff in this course.

During first year of engineering electrical engineering students learn about Common engineering courses like Engineering mathematics, Physics, Engineering Drawing and fundamentals of computing. From second year they will start learning about Thermodynamics, introductory electronics, signal processing and instrumentation, signals, systems and electric networks, microelectronics, control systems, communication systems, power systems, electromagnetic systems, electrical machines, and power generation techniques. By the end of final year students can be well equipped with the understanding of working and application of electric systems and engineering.

There are equally good opportunities for jobs in electrical engineering industry and higher education. There is lot of multidisciplinary research for developing electric vehicles with great funding and scope all over there world. On the same time good opportunities back home in industry.

Skills Required

Being highly skilled with computers has become a necessity for those interested in an electrical engineering career; in addition, one must have an interest in science and math to obtain any job in the field. An ability to think outside the box is also needed, since those with electrical engineering careers search for innovative ways to incorporate electronics into everyday products and high-tech machines. People interested in an electrical engineering career must have a background in technical writing and public speaking because people in the field frequently make presentations.

Core Companies offering ELectrical Engineering Jobs: ABB, Bajaj International Private Ltd., Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Centre for Electronics Design and Technology, Crompton Greaves Limited (CGL), Siemens Ltd., Reliance power Ltd., and Wipro Lighting etc.

Average Salary for Electrical engineer: 4-7 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes offering Electrical Engineering Degree:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Prepare for IITs

Electronics & Communication Engineering is one of the fastest growing disciplines of engineering. ECE is an interface of information technology and chip level hardware. It provides the knowledge of electronics devices and software application. All telecom and software industries are the work fields for the ECE engineers. It has a good job opportunity in private and government sector.

First year of electronics and engineering course dedicated to teach students about basic engineering techniques such as engineering mathematics, physics, chemistry and engineering drawing to name few. From second year of studies student start to learn about core Electronics and communication engineering subjects like digital electronics and logic design, fundamentals of communication engineering, electronic circuits, signals and systems, power electronics, applied electromagnetic theory, integrated circuits, VLSI, control systems and computer architecture are just few to mention.

Skills Required

good communication skills, good planning and organisation skills, good hand-eye coordination, the ability to undertake detailed and elaborate work, the ability to identify, analyse and solve problems, to enjoy computing and technical design.

Core Companies: Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Intel, Samsung Electronics, Sony, Toshiba, Philips Semiconductors, Texas Instruments, LG Electronics, Nokia, AMD, CISCO, Nvdia, HP and IBM are just few to mention.

Average Salary: 4-7 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Prepare for IITs

Biotechnology in general is using technology in biological research or studies. Bioengineering and Bioinformatics are specialized domains of biotechnology. At B.Tech (bachelor degree in engineering) and M.Tech (master degree in engineering) student learn about basic principle of biology and engineering. They learn about using technology especially modern devices to create specific conditions for biological experiments. Most of the devices are related to experiments on cells and proteins, therefore biological courses related to cell and proteins are taught extensively.Biotech is basically use of technology for improving the speed of biological research not developing devices. This course provides manpower that is aware of the use of latest devices for biological research to pharmaceutical industry.

Most of the Biotech students go for higher studies abroad, as there is huge funding these days, they get good opportunities work in well established labs. Also they have opportunities to work for domestic and international pharma industry, though these are rare.

Skills Required

outgoing and enthusiastic, work well in teams, adaptable, like inventing things, public speaker,multitasking skills,quick learning skills

Core Companies: Ranbaxy, Dr. Reddy labs, Cipla and GlaxoSmithKlineg are few to name apart from many Government funded research organizations and CSIR labs. There are good research opportunities abroad.

Average Salary: 4-6 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Some State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • Some Deemed universities
  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre of Biotechnology, Trivandrum
  • School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad
  • Institute of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai

This is a specialized and improved branch of mechanical engineering that involve learning about design and construction of airplanes, aircraft and spacecrafts. This course needs a good understanding of basic mathematics and physics because lot of fundamental principles from physics and mathematics are extensively applied in flight technology. Speaking more practically, don't have an expectation that you will visit all top Aerospace lab in the world and exposed to all space settles in B.Tech (bachelor degree in engineering) or M.Tech (master degree in engineering) course. This course will teach your basic principles of flight engineering with few individual experiments. For example, you may have a lab to experiment vibration, propulsion and thermodynamics. You will test all of them individually not in aircraft.

Skills Required

Skills in math and physical science, Mechanical and technical skills, Writing and business knowledge, Analytical and critical-thinking skills, Ability to work well with others

Core Companies: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, there are few private companies like Boeing, GE who offer job for aerospace engineering. Finding a job is core aerospace engineering is not easy.

Average Salary: 4-6 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes:
  • Many IITs
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
  • Some Deemed universities
  • Hindustan Inst of Engineering Technology, Chennai
  • Indian Institute of Aeronautical Engineering, Dehradun
  • Academy of Aerospace and Aviation, Indore

Chemical engineering studies involve all common engineering subjects in first year. From second year the specialized courses will begin that include fluid mechanics, chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, surface science, catalysis and reaction engineering. Till final year students will read about chemical process and properties and topics like chemical reactors, chemical thermodynamics and experimenting with latest technology and devices.

By the end of final year students will be exposed to chemicals, polymers, petroleum, pharmaceuticals along with computer and information technology for the development of chemical engineering processes. There are good amount of opportunities for chemical engineering students, they are hired mostly by pharmaceutical, polymer and petroleum companies. There are good amount of higher studies opportunities too but need to compete with a larger pool of MSc chemistry, Biology and Pharmacy students.

Skills Required

Creative, Problem solving skills, Team player, Detail orientated, Calm under pressure

Core Companies: ONGC, Reliance Industries Ltd., Essar Oil Limited, Gujarat Gas Company Limited, Indo Gulf Fertilizers Ltd, Coromandel Fertilizers Limited. Along with these there are number of research and development opportunities for chemical engineering students

Average Salary: 3-5 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes:
  • Many IITs
  • Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
  • Many NITs
  • BITS all most all braches
  • Many state universities and many private engineering colleges too
Other Engineering branches include
  • Materials and Metallurgical Engineering:
    In this course of engineering students will learn about the physical and chemical properties of different metal, their mixtures and applications. Students will learn about preparing metal that satisfy industry demands, like aircraft, high temperature ovens,
  • Petroleum Engineering:
    Petroleum engineering degrees are not very popular in India because of fewer universities offering admissions to petroleum engineering and less awareness in parents. During the first year of study in petroleum engineering students usually learn about basic engineering methods and techniques and from second year very specialized courses in petroleum engineering are offered that include Reservoir Studies, Gas Hydrates, Environmental Impact of Petroleum Fluid Operation, Characterization of Crude oil, Development of Computer Software, Polymer Synthesis and Characterization, Profile Modification, Development of Novel Fracturing Fluid, Characterization and Separation of Oil-Water Emulsion..
  • Mining Engineering:
    The year of mining engineering studies are common to other engineering course, where students learn about basic engineering studies, mathematics, engineering drawing. .etc. From second year of mining engineering course students learn about Rock Mechanics, Underground and Surface Environment, Geomatics, Mine Safety, and Reliability, and relevant computer applications.


  • Duration of almost all engineering branches is 4 years in India
    Prepare for IITs

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is the only educational and professional programme for dental surgery. The BDS degree is equivalent to an MBBS degree but works in a different domain.

In this course, the students are taught about the denture, dental problems and dental surgery. It is also a good job oriented degree and vast jobs options are available in hospitals, pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturing industries.


Duration:5.0 years

Skills Required:

An excellent knowledge of and interest in science, particularly the science of oral health, Good eyesight, Good manual dexterity and a steady hand, The ability to concentrate for long periods of time, The ability to use specialist equipment.

In addition to dentists the dental team includes dental nurses, dental hygienists, dental therapists, dental technicians and dental support workers. Collectively, dental nurses, dental hygienists, dental technicians and dental therapists, are known as dental care practitioners. Depending on where they work, dental hygienists and dental therapists are sometimes also known as oral health practitioners.


Average Salaray:A Dentist earns an average salary of Rs 247,678 per year. Experience strongly influences pay for this job. If he/she owns his/her own dental clinic then income can be as high as 10 lakh per annum too.

There are several good government and private colleges in India for the preparation of BDS.

BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) is the doctoral degree and can be done after the 12th Science (Biology). It is the bachelor degree in Ayurveda. It is also one of the sought courses after 12th among the science students having biology. It is equivalent to the MBBS degree programme. The ayurvedic medical treatment is growing in India. There is heavy demand of ayurvedic graduates in hospitals and in ayurvedic pharmaceutical industries.


Duration:5.5 years

Skills Required:

Scientific Skills(Student who want to opt for BAMS should be skilled in science esp Biology),Communication Skills,Should be passionate about healing people,helping people and making them healthy.


Average Salaray:The average pay for a Physician / Doctor, General Practice is Rs 539,489 per year. Experience strongly influences income for this job. If he/she owns his/her own dental clinic then income can be as high as 10 lakh per annum too.

There are several good government and private colleges in India for the preparation of BAMS.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) is the most popular and designated degree of doctors. This field is always been an evergreen field in the medical history. In this course, the students are taught about the human anatomy, human cytology, medicine, chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, drugs formulation & effect and method of surgery.


Duration:5.5 years

Skills Required:

Scientific Skills(Student who want to opt for BAMS should be skilled in science esp Biology),Communication Skills,Should be passionate about healing people,helping people and making them healthy.


Average Salaray:The average pay for a Physician / Doctor, General Practice is Rs 539,489 per year. Experience strongly influences income for this job. If he/she owns his/her own dental clinic then income can be as high as 10 lakh per annum too.

There are several good government and private colleges in India for the preparation of MBBS.

BHMS:BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) is the doctoral degree and can be done after the 12th Science (Biology). It is the bachelor degree in Homeopathy. Beside MBBS and BAMS, it is also one of the popular courses after 12th.There is heavy demand of homeopathy graduates in hospitals and homeopathic pharmaceutical industries like SBL, schwabe, etc.
Duration:5.5 years



BUMS:The science (biology) students who are interested in Unani Medical Science can go for BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) course after 12th. It is the bachelor degree. Unani medical treatment is one of the ancient medical treatment. There is a heavy demand of Unani graduates in hospitals and in homeopathic pharmaceutical industries like Hamdard, charak etc. for this course Urdu is compulsory upto class 10th.
Duration:5.5 years

Making a career in Physiotherapy is a wise decision as the scope it covers is widening up and expected to offer numerous job options.Considered as an allied health professional service, physiotherapy has a vast range of career options to choose. People can either work in India or go abroad and flourish their career in physiotherapy.

Job is quite challenging for a physiotherapist but is profitable too. Moreover, they are qualified to perform physical examination and conduct assessments to detect a diagnosis process.India houses a number of physiotherapy colleges and institutes which offer bachelors and masters degree.

Companies:All major top order hospitals and health centers offer attractive jobs to physiotherapists. Some top notch fitness centers in India such as Talwalkars Pantaloon Fitness Pvt Ltd and Intellectual Resource Training Private Limited attract best in the industry talent. HelpAge India, Medybiz Pvt Ltd, Hosmat Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Fortis Hospital, etc. too are offering physiotherapy services with the help of trained physiotherapists.


Skills: Medical Care,Science,Communication Skills,Should be passionate about healing people,helping people and making them healthy.

Average Salary:The average salary for a Physiotherapist is Rs 1.5 - 3 lakh per year.Experience strongly influences income for this job.

Duration:4.5 years

The main motive of this educational programme is to produce the qualified and expert nursing professionals. Nurses are the members of the health care team. In this programme, the students are taught about the nursing and cure methods and techniques. After the completion of this course the candidate are free to work with hospital and healthcare organizations.


Average Pay: A Staff Nurse earns an average salary of Rs 1.5-2 lakh per year

Duration:4 Years
  • Medical Lab Technician:
    In every science and medical field, there exists a lab. The career options or courses after 12th in medical lab technology are huge and provides ample job opportunities to the candidates having appropriate diploma/degree course in this field. In this course the students are taught about the analysis of medical test, microbiology, instrumentation and many other areas related to medical field.
    duration: 1 Year/3 Years
  • Occupational Therapy:Occupational Therapy is the therapy that helps to rehabilitate the emotionally and physically challenged people. This therapy helps to make the life enable for such people. It is also a non-medicine or surgery therapy. The concept of the Occupational Therapy is to recover the emotional and physical disability by counselling and some practices. It is a good job oriented professional field. You can go for the job in hospitals or can do the private practice.
    duration: 3 Years
  • Optometrists: Optometrists examine, diagnose, treat, and manage disorders of the visual system, eye diseases, and injuries. They prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses as needed.

    Optometrists typically do the following:
    Perform vision tests and analyze results
    Diagnose sight problems, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness and eye diseases, such as glaucoma
    Prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, and medications
    Provide treatments such as vision therapy or low-vision rehabilitation
    Provide pre- and postoperative care to patients undergoing eye surgery—for example, examining a patient's eyes the day after surgery
    Evaluate patients for the presence of diseases such as diabetes and refer patients to other healthcare providers as needed
    Promote eye health by counseling patients, including explaining how to clean and wear contact lenses

  • To practise as an optometrist, it is essential to possess a Bachelor's degree in Optometry (B.Optom). This is a four-year course in which the first three years of learning is followed by a year of internship to gain clinical experience. To apply for the B.Optom course, a student should have passed the HSC (10+2) course with a minimum 50 per cent marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Prior to seeking admission, students have to appear for the EYECET examination which is a centralised common entrance test to determine the applicant's aptitude for pursuing a course in optometry. Many institutes including All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) conduct an entrance test for the admission to its BSc programme in Ophthalmic Technology.

BSc Hons:
B Sc (Hons) Course, a three-year programme, provides vast knowledge in the specialization of Science including Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics, etc. The admissions to B Sc (Hons) course are generally based on the marks obtained by the students in 10+2 level or in entrance test or both. After successfully completing B Sc (Hons) Course, one can also pursue PG level courses such as M Sc, MBA or can also appear for UPSC Civil Services Examination.
Based on your Interest you can persue BSc Hons in following courses

  • B Sc (Hons) Bio-Chemistry
  • B Sc (Hons) Botany
  • B Sc (Hons) Computer Science
  • B Sc (Hons) Physics
  • B Sc (Hons) Zoology
  • B Sc (Hons) Biomedical Sciences
  • B Sc (Hons) Chemistry
  • B Sc (Hons) Mathematics
  • B Sc (Hons) Statistics


BSc:

BSc is an undergraduate degree granted for successfully finishing study programs which typically have a duration of three years. B.Sc is a bachelor's degree in India which is offered on different subjects and can broadly be categorized into Pass and Honors courses. Students have to select the domain of specialization from the different choices that are available. Choices available include B.Sc in Physics, B.Sc in Biology, B.Sc in Chemistry, B.Sc in Biotechnology and so on. Every study program has been planned to fit the necessities of the student. The structure of curriculum for the B.Sc study program is akin to the other undergraduate or bachelor's degree courses. The duration of the program is normally three years. Every year, there will be two semesters. The students need to study Mathematics and English as compulsory subjects in majority of the specialized areas.
Usually, no entrance examinations are conducted for enrolment of the students to the B.Sc study program. However, a limited number of colleges hold entrance exams for courses like nursing such as Benaras Hindu University and All India Institute of Medical Sciences. During the months of June and July, the application forms are typically issued from different colleges. The course aspirants have to make sure that they furnish all the necessary documents and credentials such as residential certificate, mark sheet, school leaving certificate and so on.

You can go for teaching after BSc/BSc(Hon),MSc (for higher paid jobs or better offers in teaching line),you can also apply for lots of Govt jobs in your respective streams.

Employees with a Bachelor of Science (BS / BSc) Degree from a good college have Average salary of 4-6 lakhs per annum and may vary according to profile and stream.

Difference
B.Sc. (or B.Sc General) Bachelor's degree and B.Sc. Bachelor's degree (Hons), are both academic degrees given to undergraduate students. There is very slight difference between the two academic degrees. B.Sc (Hons) is much more specialized as compared to the B.Sc (general) degree, and academically, B.Sc (Hons) is a more standard degree as compared to B.Sc (general).

Pharmacists are health professionals who, in addition to dispensing prescription medication to patients, also provide information about the drugs their doctors have ordered for them. They explain doctors' instructions to patients so that these individuals can use these medications safely and effectively.

There is a heavy requirement of well-qualified pharmacists in our hospitals, colleges and pharmaceutical industries. This programme has the maximum job surety rather than others. This course involves the subjects like chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, drugs indication & contraindication, chemical structure, new drugs development, formulations, analysis of chemical and drugs, handling and calibration of the instruments uses in pharmacy and research & development.


Course:Diploma/Degree

Duration:2 years/3 years

Salary:around 2.5-3.5 lakh per annum

Biotechnology in general is using technology in biological research or studies. Bioengineering and Bioinformatics are specialized domains of biotechnology. At B.Tech (bachelor degree in engineering) and M.Tech (master degree in engineering) student learn about basic principle of biology and engineering. They learn about using technology especially modern devices to create specific conditions for biological experiments. Most of the devices are related to experiments on cells and proteins, therefore biological courses related to cell and proteins are taught extensively.Biotech is basically use of technology for improving the speed of biological research not developing devices. This course provides manpower that is aware of the use of latest devices for biological research to pharmaceutical industry.

Most of the Biotech students go for higher studies abroad, as there is huge funding these days, they get good opportunities work in well established labs. Also they have opportunities to work for domestic and international pharma industry, though these are rare.

Skills Required

outgoing and enthusiastic, work well in teams, adaptable, like inventing things, public speaker,multitasking skills,quick learning skills

Core Companies: Ranbaxy, Dr. Reddy labs, Cipla and GlaxoSmithKlineg are few to name apart from many Government funded research organizations and CSIR labs. There are good research opportunities abroad.

Average Salary: 4-6 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Some State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • Some Deemed universities
  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre of Biotechnology, Trivandrum
  • School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad
  • Institute of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai

Bachelor in computer application or (BCA) is an undergraduate degree course in computer application. With the rapid growth of IT industry in India, the demand of computer professional is increasing day by day. This increasing growth of IT industry has created a lot of opportunities for the computer graduates.

Bachelor in computer application (BCA) is one of the popular courses among the students who want to make their career in the IT field. The duration of the course is 3 years and comprises of the subjects like database, networking, data structure, core programming languages like ‘C' and ‘java'. This course provides a lot of opportunities to the students who are interested in computer field and wants to work in the IT sector as programmer or software developer.


Duration: 3 years

After the completion of the course a student's work profile may include:


System engineer in the top companies like Infosys, Wipro, hp, Google.
Programmer in various software development firms.
Web developer in various web designing companies and online digital marketing companies.
System Administrator in an organization including a bank, school or college.
Software developer in the companies like Microsoft, Google, face book.

Salary:
The IT field is one of the highest paying fields for a fresher. A computer professional working in a big MNC can easily get an initial package of Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month. Some IT giants like Google, Microsoft, Oracle, Face book pays even a six figure salary to a fresh graduate.

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The growing industrialisation and gobalisation in 21st century world has created a demand for well trained business professionals who can take charge of the growing economy. If you wish to be a part of this business brigade then you should probably opt for Bachelors in Business Administration (BBA) after your class 12th exams. Business Administration has its base in commerce and is a management oriented course. The professional course is taught over a span of three years and its core components include Human Resource Management, Marketing, Organizational Behaviour, International Trade and Business Law. BBA mainly acquaints students with the process of

Skills:Understanding of basic accounting,good communication skills,Learn to sell,Learn to serve,Develop a reputation for completing your work and being a good team member,have a pleasant personality

Duration:3 years

Salary: around 2-4 lakh per Annum

BBM- Stands for Bachelor of Business Management. Typically, BBM course is a 3 year course, minimum eligibility for which is an intermediate (10+2) with subjects such as accounts, economics and business studies. BBM course imparts basic knowledge as well as an understanding of an organization's functions such as marketing, finance, systems, human resource management. Subjects studied under this degree are marketing, finance, human resources, accounts, economics and business law etc.

Business Administration and management graduates can also seek employment in various sectors such as investment firms, banks, corporate houses, financial institutions, export/import companies, media and industries. Business management gradautes can also choose to become entrepreneurs.
Some job titles: -

  • Finance Managers
  • Marketing Managers
  • Production Managers
  • Business Consultants
  • Management Accountants
  • Human Resource Managers
  • Information Systems Managers
  • Business Management Professor
  • Business Management Researcher
  • Research and Development Managers

The Bachelor of Business Studies or the B.B.S Courses are an undergraduate course that combines the components of business and finance. In the business section are the subjects that relate to business like organizational studies, marketing, economics, human resources and others. In the finance section the studies concentrate on subjects that are related to finance like organizational finance studies, computing and accounting. The B.B.S Courses are a four year study leading to an Honors Bachelor's degree.

Enrolment: Admission is given to students who have successfully completed the 10+2 examination or the higher secondary examination. The aggregate percentage of marks obtained should be 60% or above. The student should have studied English and any of the other four subjects like Economics, Sciences, accountancy, business studies, Social sciences, Mathematics, and Computer science, Bio technology, Public Administration and all their related subjects.

There are several reasons to choose the Law Education. Few of them are:

  • Offers job security
  • Provides ample prospective opportunities in government and private sectors
  • Offers respectable as well as responsible positions
  • Handsome salary
  • opportunity of self employment
  • Suitable to several fields that offers job guarantee
  • Offers number of specializations to excel in a particular interested field
  • Great scope of higher positions

Skills and values:
Inquisitive,Problem Solving Abilities,Symptomatic Reading,Writing Skills,Conversation/ Articulation Abilities,General Investigation/Research Skills,Organization / Management Skills

One can find the work in Judiciary, Police Departments, Banks, Business consultancies, Business houses, News channels, Revenue departments, Educational Institutes etc. Advocate, Notary, Legal Advisor, Magistrate, Oath Commissioner, Legal or Law officer, Law reporter, Judge, Teacher, Lecturer or Professor etc are the job types for a Law graduate. Having private practice is also one of the good options. Graduation and a Diploma in Law is the minimum qualification for choosing Law as career. The higher qualification and experience bring the chances of higher positions and better payment options.

Course Type: Degree/Integrated degree

Duration: 3 Years/5 Years

Salary: around 2-4 lakh per Annum (for fresher)


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The animation industry in India is large & growing. Animation, gaming & web design professionals work on full-length animation movies, create TV commercials, education CDs, games for Internet, mobile, PC or consoles (like PlayStation or Xbox), work in the advertising industry or as web designers in various companies. The field offers many exciting careers. Upon completion of a career course, you can choose to specialize & work in any of the following segments of the industry:

  • 3d Animation
  • 2d Animation
  • Web Designing
  • Vfx
  • Gaming
  • Multimedia
  • E-LEARNING

Course Type: Diploma/Degree

Duration: 1 Year/3 Years

Salary: around 2-3 lakh per Annum (for fresher)

By the modernization of the world, the fashion is an integral part of our daily life. The trend in fashion is changing with the advancement of human culture. Various industries have been established for this purpose only. There is a great demand of fashion experts; not only in India but also in abroad. Fashion study covers the design, fabric, texture, quality of fashion goods, manufacturing process and creativity. Fashion is not only means the wearing but also means the wearing and makeup.

The economic improvements in the Indian society along with greater emphasis and need of people towards their dressing sense has led to the emergence of fashion designing profession as one of the most sort after careers. The urban society has accepted the need and is highly influenced and inspired by the words 'fashion' and 'style'. Hence, pursuing a career in fashion designing seems not only a lucrative profession but for some inspired people it's a means to satisfy their creative requirement. They want something of their own - may be brand, name, fame and money!

Course Type: Certificate/Diploma/Degree

Duration: 1 Year/2 Years/3 Years

Salary: around 2-3 lakh per Annum (for fresher)

Aviation is one of the most interesting career fields among the girls. Anyone who wish to fly in the sky and server the people with smile this career can fulfill their dream. Aviation and hospitality management cover the ground and air courses of air hostess and flight steward. It involves the hospitality, customer handling, travel & tourism and aircraft basic training. The course of aviation and management is full of glamor and attitude. After the completion of this course you can go for the hospitality organizations, airlines industries and many hotel industries.

Course Type: Diploma/Degree

Duration: 1 Year/3 Years

Salary: around 2-5 lakh per Annum (for fresher)

Hotels are amongst the most visible and important aspects of a country's infrastructure and is closely linked with the tourism industry. The diversity of experience in hotel management is greater than in any other profession since the industry involves combination of various skills like management, food and beverage service, housekeeping, front office operation, sales and marketing, accounting. With the rise in corporate activity, leading to greater number of business trips and the wish to travel on holidays has made the hotel industry a very competitive one.


Skills: They should have a good organizational background, excellent communication and interpersonal skills, strong commitment and self-discipline

Students graduating from established institutes of hotel management have lucrative and interesting openings in various fields like Hotel & Restaurant management, Airline Catering and Cabin Services, Club management, Cruise Ship Hotel Management, Hospital administration and catering, Hotel and Tourism Associations, Institutional Management (supervising canteens in college, schools, in factories, company guest houses etc.), Catering departments of railways, banks, armed forces, shipping companies defence etc The main areas of work in a hotel are as follows
General Operations: The main responsibilities of this department include supervision, co-ordination and administration of all other departments as well as overall financial control.
Front Office: It is the centre of all activities. Major tasks performed here include: providing information, making room reservations and taking care of check-ins and check-outs, besides the duties performed by the Personnel Department of any company.
Sales & Marketing: This department keeps in touch with travel agents and tour operators as well as other potential corporate clients in order to sell hotel facilities. This department also normally handles Advertising and Public Relations.
Food & Beverage: This department is the hub of the hotel industry and is responsible for all the food that is prepared and served in the hotel.
House Keeping: The main function of the housekeeping department is to make sure that all rooms are kept in order and all the needs of the guests are met.

Course Type: Diploma/Degree

Duration: 1 Year/3 Years

Salary: around 2-3.5 lakh per Annum (for fresher)

Mass communication covers the fields of media, journalism, films and ads. It involves professional degree and diploma course and provides good job opportunities in various fields like journalism, anchoring, news channels and tv shows. You can go for the media, news reading, editing, journalist, surveyor, social works and many related industries

A professional course in mass communication opens doors for a career in films & TV, publishing, public relations, journalism, editing, direction, filmmaking, scriptwriting, production, etc. In nutshell, Mass Communication widens up the horizon of career options for a person. Depending upon personal interest and inclination a mass communication professional can choose a job. Attractive and high paying jobs as journalist, actor, director, editor, screenwriter, RJ, producer, VJ are available to the talented and trained individuals.


Course Type: Diploma/Degree

Duration: 1 Year/3 Years

Salary: around 2-3 lakh per Annum (for fresher)

By the globalization of employment and employees, the trend of academic courses in languages study has been boomed. It is one of the job-oriented courses chosen by the students after 12th. This course provides a lot of opportunities as a translator/interpreter in many MNCs and government departments. The students who wish to pursue this course, they have to select the language of their choice. The course contains the origin, tradition, culture, study & research and complete knowledge of the particular language.


Course Type: Degree

Duration:3 Years

Salary: around 2-3 lakh per Annum (for fresher)

Commerce graduates can explore a variety of career opportunities both in the public and private sector. After you earn a B.Com certification you can start applying for a job in the banking and financial sectors. You also have a plethora of occupational alternatives in fields that are not strictly finance related like law, hotel management, marketing, and administration, and so on.With a bachelor's degree in commerce, you'll be eligible to apply for a job position in the IT, BPO or KPO sector. You can pursue a CA, CS or ICWA (Cost and Works Accountancy) program after B.Com if you really want to make good money throughout your professional career. In short, career options with respectable salaries that you can access after completing B.Com are nearly endless.

he B.Com degree gives you complete overview of overall business scenario, this includes buying and selling of goods, also helps in understanding the underlining principles of accounts and economics. The students can opt this field if they wish to make their future in finance, accounts and management.

Course Type: Degree

Duration: 3 Years

Salary: around 1.5-2.5 lakh per Annum (for fresher)

A company secretary is a senior position in a private sector company or public sector organisation, normally in the form of a managerial position or above. The role of a company secretary is to keep the records, advice, tax returns and evaluate the legal aspects of the organization. This course contains the three levels as foundation, executive and professional course

Candidates who have passed senior secondary (10+2) can apply for the foundation course. The duration of the foundation course is eight months. Students are required to pass the foundation examination within three years from the date of their admission.



Subjects:
  • English and Business Communication
  • Basic Economics and Business Environment
  • Financial Accounting
  • Elements of Business Laws and Management
  • Information Systems and Quantitative Techniques

Course Type: Degree (foundation/executive/professional)

Duration: 3 Years (8 month/9 month/15 month+internship)

Salary: around 2-3 lakh per Annum (for fresher)

In India, chartered accountants are regulated by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India which was established by the Chartered Accountants Act 1949. Prior to 1949, Restricted State Auditors were registered with the respective princely states and British provincial state governments. Associate members of the ICAI are entitled to use the prefix 'CA' to their name. Members who are in full-time practice, and have completed 5 years of practice, can add 'FCA' as a prefix to their names.

CA deals with the financial management and carries out the financial audits. A CA works as a private advisor for an organization. After the completion of this course you can go for the work as auditing, cost accounting, tax management, management accounting, consultancy and CA can also work in an industry.


Course Type: Degree

Duration: 5 Years

Salary: around 3-6 lakh per Annum (for fresher)
Photography offers a number of opportunities and the range of the fields that you can venture into. Mentioned below are the different career options possible within the realm of photography.
Press Photographers or Photo Journalists provide the press with pictures that are relevant to the daily news and events. This kind of photography is best done instinctively. Hence, you need to be spontaneous and know what kind of a picture would best illustrate your article. If you are adventurous and willing to work under difficult conditions when needed, then this field is probably for you.
Fashion Photography is the field where one works for fashion houses, designers or individual models. To be a part of this glamorous world, you must have knowledge about latest fashion trends and you should be willing to be experimental and creative.
Portrait Photographers are people-oriented photographers who click snaps of individuals. The subjects range from children to pets, functions to social events etc. You can also specialize as wedding photographers.
Industrial Photographers click photographs of machinery, merchandise, industrial layout, workers at work etc. to be used for company publications and for the purposes of advertising and selling.
Wildlife Photographers capture the animal kingdom and plant life in its most natural and habitual form. This kind of photography is a part of Nature photography which also covers landscapes and scenery. If you love nature and have the ability to capture the perfect sunsets and waterfalls in your camera then this is definitely an option that you could consider.
Feature Photographers narrate an entire story through the medium of photographs. Hence to be a feature photographer, you have to have extensive knowledge of the subject that you are dealing with and you should be willing to work at any given time and place.
Forensic Photographers click photographs at crime scenes from all possible angles with great emphasis on details in order to help the police or detective agencies.
Fine Art Photographers click photographs which are sold as an art form. To be a fine art photographer, you have to be very creative and expressive.
Freelancing is the most popular option in this profession. To be working as a freelancer, you need to have great management skills and the ability to work independently. You might not know where the next job is coming from and their will be the hassles of keeping accounts. But, you can be your own boss and find, shoot and sell your own photographs.
Scientific Photography is used for scientific publications and research reports. The areas that it covers are biology, medicine, chemistry and engineering. You have to have both interest and knowledge to be a part of this field.

A number of institutes and universities offer certificate and diploma courses in photography. Some also offer it as three year integrated courses and subsidiary subjects. Provided below is a list of these institutes.
Degree courses in Photography (B.A. 3 year integrated)
Utkal University, Bhubaneshwar, Orissa
Pune University, Fergusson College, Poona
Diploma Courses (one year)
Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi
Ravishankar University , Raipur
Sri Venkateshwara University, Tirupati

Music is compromised of 3 different arts namely
Singing (the expression of sound vocally)
Playing of an Instrument (the expression of music through an Instrument)
Dancing (The expression of music bodily through the art of Dance)
No matter how you express it, these 3 arts are interdependent on each other. The growth of the entertainment Industry has opened many new avenues for those who want to seriously pursue their love for music professionally.

The field of Music (Singing, Dancing and Playing Musical Instruments) offers many different kinds of jobs based on a persons interest and capabilities. A broad categorization of jobs available in the music industry include -

  • Teach Music
  • Recordings
  • Music Concerts / Performances and Live Shows
  • DJ's, VJ's & RJ's etc

There are many Institutions that offer training in Music, India. Make sure to check the course schedule before enrolling.

Interior design is a profession that combines creativity, technical knowledge, and business skills. Interior designers work with clients and other design professionals to develop design solutions that are safe, functional, attractive, and meet the needs of the people using the space.

An average salary for an interior designer is usually between $40,000 and $50,000 per year. Interior designer salaries can vary quite a bit, however, depending on a number of factors. Generally, designers in large cities will make more than those in less populated areas.

Training to become an interior designer takes two to four years and is available from professional design schools or colleges and universities. One can earn an associate degree or certificate by attending a two to three year program, or a bachelor's degree by attending a four year program. Upon graduating with a bachelor's degree, one would most likely begin a one to three year apprenticeship program at a design or architecture firm and work under the supervision of an experienced interior designer. A graduate with a certificate or associate degree would usually start his or her career as an assistant to an interior designer.

Are you fond of writing? Do you have the flair to juggle words to explain your thoughts creatively? Creative writing is another potential career field that promises good monetary returns. But the field is not for everyone. A career in creative writing is considered as an artistic work gifted by God to special people. These people are the creative writers, known by various names such as novelists, poets, lyricists etc. who are engaged in writing books, articles, stories, especially as an occupation or profession. Most of writers have magical powers in writing and through their work, they can influence the readers and can make them upset, disgusted, spellbound or happy. Creating writing is a long process which requires a lot of research and hard work. Creative writing is the writing in which a writer aims to express his/ her emotions, feelings, imaginative ideas and thoughts, through prose and poetic verses. Any kind of writing like novels, poems, stories, drama, autobiography, script writing, copy writing etc. can be considered as creative writing.

FireTech & Safety Management Course as a career option is fast catching up with the students in India.


Safety Engineering is a field to which all aspects of Science & Technical knowledge pertaining to Fire & Safety is linked. It involves study of subjects that deals with the designing of safer fire resistant equipments and plants; its hazards and control measures in various associated engineering subjects; Managerial functions which aid in managing a fire fighting along with other psychological grooming required to make a self reliant Fire Safety Engineer/Construction Safety Officer/Environment Officer. The average starting salaries in India that students are drawing is between 15000/- to 20000/- . Eg. At International airports between 15000/- to 18000/- O.N.G.C 8000/- to 11000/- L& T 15000/- t0 20000/- Mytas Const. 9000/- to 12000/- .

A career in Library Sciences would include being a part of system which will look after organising and maintaining books, magazines and journals. It is a part of the job profile to categorize the information required by the people visiting the library and having knowledge information systems management, classification / cataloguing systems, bibliography, documentation, preservation and conservation of manuscript, collection management, information systems and technology, research methodology, computer applications, reference, statistics and management, information processing, archives management, indexing, library planning, etc.

For admission to a bachelor's course, the student must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (10+2) examination with science subject such as biology, maths and chemistry. In order to pursue a master's course, the candidate must have a bachelor's degree with subjects such as biology, maths and chemistry.
Some of the courses one can pursue to be a part of the Library Science are:
Certificate Courses in Library Science Certificate in ICT Application in Library
Certificate Course in Library and Information Science
Diploma Courses in Library Science
Diploma in Library and Information Science (DLIS)
Bachelor of Library and Information Science
Master of Library Science
Master of Philosophy in Library & information Science
Post Graduate Diploma in Library Automation and Networking
Doctor of Philosophy in Library & information Science
One can also think of specializing in a particular field. There are many options available from Information architecture, Indexing, Librarian, Information broker, Archiving, Metadata Management, Researchers, Cataloguing, Metadata Architecture, etc.

Modelling is one of the sought after professions in the recent times among the youngsters. Modelling life is full of thrill, glitz, glam and fame. You are followed by the tinsel industry, media, TV channels and social brethren of the society. The profession gives you respect, good standard of living and comforts. The modelling field is good both for female as well as male models. Due to diverse consumer products, kids modelling are also in vogue. You become the talking points at many circles of the society and closely observed by the fashion world. So making career in modelling is the profitable choice. However, the modelling field is also characterised with cut throat competition, tight work schedule, stress and strain. A supermodel is not an output of one or two days, it needs time and patience to reach at that level.

Modelling courses boost up your personality, helps to develop your forward looking approach, and provide many tips to excel in this field. There are very few modelling courses are available in the country. Maximum of them are located at Mumbai and Delhi. The cost of modelling ranges from Rs 25, 000 to Rs 50, 000. The modelling institutes provide classes, styling sessions, etiquette sessions and grooming sessions to boost your confidence. Many experts across supermodels, fashion photographers and stylists are hired by the institutes to develop self-confidence among the aspiring models.

    Modelling Institutes
  • Elite School of Modelling at Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore
  • Models Guru, Delhi
  • Polytechnic for Women, Delhi
  • Glitz Modelling, Delhi
  • Platinum Models Inc. , Delhi
  • Face1, Mumbai
  • YSG Worldwide Model and Promotion Co., Mumbai
  • Ozone Models Management, Mumbai

Options Available after Graduation

Every specialization has its own value, demand and future. Few give better scope of placement because of its higher application and demand. Following are specializations and their preferences in IITs and NITs generally



M.Tech specializations in Civil Engineering and their order of preference
1. Engineering Structures
2. Construction Technology & Management
3. Geotechnical Engineering
4. Transportation Engineering
5. Environmental Engineering
6. Remote Sensing & GIS
7. Water Resource Engineering
8. Offshore Structures

M.Tech specializations in Chemical Engineering and their order of preference
1. Chemical Engineering
2. Energy Engineering
3. Process Control & Instrumentation

M.Tech specializations in Computer Science and Engineering and their order of preference
1. Computer Science
2. Information Technology
3. Information Security
4. Software Engineering
5. Distributed Computing
6. Image Processing
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M.Tech specializations in Electrical Engineering and their order of preference
1. Power Electronics & Drives
2. Power Systems Engineering
3. Instrumentation & Control Systems
4. Computer Controlled Industrial Power

M.Tech specializations in Mechanical Engineering and their order of preference
1. Thermal Engineering
2. Computer Integrated Manufacturing
3. Automobile Engineering
4. Manufacturing Engineering
5. Material Technology
6. Industrial Engineering
7. Product Design and Development
8. Industrial Safety Engineering

M.Tech specializations in Electronics and Communication Engineering (E&CE) and their order of preference
1. Advanced Communication Systems
2. VLSI System Design
3. Signal Processing
4. Electronic Instrumentation


Duration:2 years(generally)

Why Choose Mtech??

Educational qualifications play a very important role in one's life in gaining success. Of course, technical skills matter a lot, but a candidate with higher academic qualification will be given preference. While pursuing a higher degree, you will be exposed to the applications of engineering in day-to-day life a little more. You will be getting more insight into the subjects as you are already familiar with these topics learnt at the bachelor level. This degree will also land you in a far more well-paid job getting which is quite hard on the basis of your B.Tech degree. Whether it is private company or government organization, candidate with a higher degree is considered more competent for the job.



Opportunities after MTech??

  • Secure a reputed job in IT companies like Google,FB,Microsoft etc
  • Teaching offers in reputed Btech Colleges
  • Getting engaged in Research domain

Bored of studying? Then getting selected in a decent company visiting your campus seems a good option. If you don't have any intentions of studying further, or at least immediately after B. Tech, you can opt for a job. This is considered to be a safer option where you get time to decide which field you want to stick to-Technical or you want to shift your core interest area from technical to management to some other stream.

Other than Campus placements you can try to get a job in out-campus placement drives,pool campus drives,walk in interviews and you can also prepare for exams like Amcat and E-Litmus for getting numerous job offers.

There are various short term courses and diploma courses you can opt for after your B.Tech. It can be a certificate course in embedded technology, VLSI, robotics, ethical hacking, protocol testing, machine designing,testing,network management,coding etc. or a diploma course in any specific domain. Such courses are generally job oriented and serve as a bridge between what you know and what the industry expects you to know in order to absorb you into their organization.

This is the most challenging thing that you can do just after your Btech.So if you have an idea that can be implemented then you can start your own company. From Job Seeker you can become a Job creator. But before you think about it you need to be sure about your options. Startup is trending more as a fashion then a career option. Being your own boss does not mean you can ignore work and life would be easy. Starting your venture and making it succeed would be the toughest of all the things you can do. It will have ups and downs every new day.

Give a chance to the patriot in you. Joining the Army/Navy/Air Force or any other wing of the defense services can be exciting and high paying at the same time. You can join as technical staff by applying through the University Entry Scheme (UES), which requires you to apply on their respective websites or appear for the AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test). You can also apply for flying positions in Indian Air Force by clearing AFCAT.

There's always the options to join the civil services (IAS/IRS/IFS/IPS) after Btech.

Options After Medical



MD/MS/Diploma - This is the most commonly chosen path after MBBS for people who wish to continue with their medical career. You can pursue post graduation in various specialties like internal medicine, general surgery, obs. & gynaecology, paediatrics, etc. For this you need to give AIPGMEE exam, held in December every year. There's no need to mention about the scope of this field as specialist Doctors are the need of the hour. MD/MS are 3 year degree courses while diploma is a 2 year program.

Diploma of National Board(DNB) - This is the next best option to pursue for people continuing with their dreams of becoming a specialist doctor. DNB is a postgraduate course offered by the National board of Examinations, and recognised by the MCI. But there are a few problems with DNB. Firstly, the pass rates in DNB are very low, depending on your course and hospital from which you complete your course (find here - Official Pass rates in DNB for the last 4 Years!! ). Secondly, many hospitals give preference to MD/MS candidates than DNB candidates. Thirdly, DNB course is provided mostly in private hospitals where the amount of exposure is less than govt. hospitals, specially in surgical branches.

Combined Medical Services(CMS) - UPSC conducts CMS examination every year in the month of July/August for entry into government institutions like Railways, Municipal Corporations as Medical Officers. The exam can be given by final year students and interns. It is a good option if you want a permanent job with the government and if you like to be a part of the administrative work force of the hospital.

Civil Services - There's always the options to join the civil services (IAS/IRS/IFS/IPS) after MBBS. A good career option but you won't be dealing with patients anymore. Sought by many doctors.

MBA - The demand for Doctor's with MBA is increasingly drastically, with many private hospitals, pharmaceutical companies being set up. Many MBA institutions take up doctors in their programs because of this. Few institutes offering MBA are IIM's, FMS Delhi, IBS Hyderabad, MDI Gurgaon, XLRI Jamshedpur. You need to give CAT for admission.

Clinical Research - India is lacking behind when it comes to research work. There is a great demand for clinical researchers. Various institutes to offer research opportunities are ICMR(Indian Council for Medical Research), CIMAP, CCMB(Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology), St. John's Research institute. One can also join WHO. Many institutes like AIIMS, PGI, NIMHANS, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (TIFR) offer a Ph.D. degree.

Masters in Health Administration(MHA) - It is a 3 year post-graduate degree(M.D.) in Health Administration which helps students to acquire the skills required in managing big specialty hospitals, clinics, insurance companies, etc.

M.Tech in Biomedical Engineering and Biological Sciences - It is being offered in the IIT's for students who want to pursue their career in developing machines and instruments to provide better health care

There are various opportunities available for the students after B.Sc,B.Sc(Hons). The students can go in a research field, in some colleges the students are recruited directly by the big organizations at a very good salary package, some professional B.Sc. courses like animation and IT open the door of animation and IT industry for the graduates, the other professional B.Sc. field also have vast career opportunities.



MSc.:Today M.Sc in India is providing a base platform for those who want to get involved in higher studies and to get some good results in future. After graduation it opens various fields for many students to fulfil his/her desires. Not only has this it also enabled a student to get into some good respectable jobs in India and abroad. Because of this M.Sc has a commendable charm when it comes to opt for a career after the bachelor's degree.
After completing M.Sc any student can easily go to the Research network line which enables them to go for their dream organizations like the ones of BARC, ISRO etc.
Secondly, it provides the all necessary platform for the individual who want to pursue higher education in Doctorate degree.
Thirdly, it also provides student the opportunity to get involved in teaching line which is no doubt a respectable job in any society. For many courses like M.Phil, PhD, lecturer ship in the field of science M.Sc is a necessary criterion.
Today when India is rising as an IT hub, this M.Sc degree has a remarkable position. M.Sc in IT OR computers helps a student to get some good jobs in the MNC's related to IT and computer sector. Not only this, there are many companies, industries and other sectors which provides good jobs to the M.Sc degree holders.


1) Pharmacist - The B Pharm graduate can work as a hospital Pharmacist, like wockhardt hospital, Apollo hospital, etc. Being in the health-related field, the B Pharm graduate can also joined arm forces as a pharmacist or else can join any govt. hospital or any NGO , trust etc.

2) Medical Transcription - The B Pharm graduate can work with medical practitioners (doctors) to maintain the patient treatment history, the drug to which he/she is allergic etc. Also some private company hired B.Pharm graduate to help them in translating medical terms they received from other or same country doctors.

3) Sales and Marketing - Good communication skills with pleasant personality can opt for the job of Medical Sales Representative (MR-Ship Job). The companies prefer pharmacy graduates for this job, as they have a good knowledge about the drug molecules, their therapeutic effects, mechanism of action of drug and the drug - drug interactions. Ambitious achievers can grow in this filed up to the level of MD, Zonal manager or product manager etc. of the company, so just be focus during this job and work hard till you achieve what you want.

4) Quality Assurance / Control Manager - The Pharmacy graduate can maintain the quality of the manufactured drug in the company. She/he has to look for any update in the regulatory norms and accordingly developed the drug in the pharmaceutical company. She/he is working as a Quality assurance or quality control officer/manager in various companies.

5) Go for M Pharm - After Mpharm a person can go for (other then above mentioned jobs) teaching,Research and development ,Packaging,Clinical Research etc.

Once you have earned a graduate degree in this field you can go for the master's level (MSc, ME, MTech). For a Masters in Biotechnology, you should either have a graduate degree in biotechnology or in any subject that is related to biological sciences. A graduate degree in subjects such as biochemistry, biology, botany, chemistry, microbiology, pharmacy, veterinary sciences or zoology is acceptable for an entry into a post-graduate program in biotechnology.

It should be kept in mind that a post-graduate qualification in biotechnology is a must to enter the profitable and ever-expanding field of biotechnical applications

As it is a blend of numerous disciplines, you have to do a specialisation in a number of fields. Some of the common areas of research include fields like: Agriculture and Agricultural Development, Animal Husbandry, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Botany, Dairy Technology, Environmental Protection, Fishery Development, Genetics, Horticulture, Medicine, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nutrition, Pharmacology, Tissue Culture and Zoology. After post-graduation, you can apply for a doctoral program and from then on if need be, immerse yourself in post-doctoral research. Here, it is important to point out that a majority of students prefer to do their PhD and post-doctoral research from foreign universities.

  • We know that India is an IT power thus it is obvious that the course of BCA will provide jobs in the IT sector. The companies such as Wipro, InfoTech, Satyam, [TCS] Tata Consultancy Service , Siemens Communications, and even International companies such as Vodafone, and Essar Communications are hiring Students every year .
  • It is of out sounding news to know that even the Students are getting placements in dairy firms, banking firms. The firms are hiring more of the BCA applicants for there software based queries. If one wishes to become a Software Developer or web-designer or wants to take up a career in Systems Management, then BCA is the best course to get an early start for their careers.
  • Job opportunities can be found in both large and small software development organizations as well as hardware companies.With job titles like
    Senior Web Designer
    Data Entry Clerk
    PHP Web Developer
    Office Administrator
  • MCA:MCA (Master of Computer Applications) is a three-year Professional Master Degree program in Computer Science. The objective behind MCA is to equip students with the latest technologies, tools and applications in IT and to meet the ever-growing requirement of IT professionals. MCA students need to study Financial Management, Accounting, Mathematics, Programming Languages like C, Java, ASP .Net, Web Development, Database Management System, and so on. MCA post graduates are hired both by Government agencies NTPC, GAIL, BHEL, etc and private IT companies like Accenture, Infosys, Wipro, TCS, Cognizant, IBM, American Express, HCL, HP and so on. As a fresher, an MCA professional can expect anything around 2.4 to 3.4 lakhs, and with experience, sky is the limit! With some years of experience, a Software Engineer can become a Lead, an Analyst, a Project Manager, a General Manager and so on. Initially MCA students are given a few weeks of training on the job, before they get started on LIVE projects. They need to work in different roles and areas in the beginning and then gradually specialize in a specific field.

`

MBA

Business administration is one of the most challenging and respected job fields. It involves the planning, strategy, implementation, policies, design, administration, maintenance, control and structure of any business. It provides an individual an opportunity to showcase his talent in the corporate field and offers handsome salary as per the caliber of the individual. After the completion of this course, the candidate can choose the corporate sector, IT industries, manufacturing units, various corporations, and global industrial world.


Course Type: Degree (post graduation)/Integrated Course

Duration: 2 Years/5 Years

Salary: around 3-5 lakh per Annum (for fresher)

Career Interest: Business

TOP FIVE SPECIALISATIONS IN MBA ARE
  • Finance: MBA in finance is the oldest form of MBA specialization. It prepares you in various subjects like costing, budgeting, International finance, Capital Management etc. After studying these subjects you become specialized in Financial Management which enables you to work in finance department of any organization. If you want to persue MBA in finance then you must be a graduate in any stream.
  • Marketing: MBA Marketing is very dynamic and competitive. MBA in marketing helps a student to understand consumer behavior, market, advertising and many other important fields. One needs to have excellent communication skills, resource mobilization skills and an undying zeal to excel in marketing. If you want to persue MBA in Marketing then you must be a graduate in any stream.
  • Human Recourse (HR) MBA in HR Management is for those wanting to develop a management career in HR and strategy. This includes diversity, mergers and acquisitions, labor markets and emerging economics and international leadership. If you have good communication skills, a charismatic personality, and are dependable and confident, MBA in HR is for you. Graduate in any stream can persue MBA in HR.
  • International Business (IB) The Master of International Business provides an in-depth understanding of the organizational capabilities required for international operations, including specialized functions such as international marketing, finance etc. The degree may be thought of as an MBA with a particular focus on multinational corporations. Admission normally requires an undergraduate degree in any discipline.
  • Operations MBA in Operations helps you to deal with Production Management or Shop Floor Management. You learn how to maintain process flows, develop vendor and inter-departmental relationships. Most candidates with engineering backgrounds go for MBA Operations, as it gives them an edge over their peers in product development and designing, and process optimization. However, graduate in any discipline can persue MBA in operation.

Higher studies and research

Law Schools as well as traditional universities like Delhi University offer Master's programme, LLM. This is open to candidates who have passed their Bachelor's degree in Law. It enables a candidate to specialize in his/ her area of choice like Constitutional Law, Labour Law, Human Rights Law, International Law, Intellectual Property Law and Corporate Law. In most universities this is a 2-year full-time programme divided into 4 semesters. The last semester is devoted to writing a dissertation under the supervision of a professor. NLS Bangalore offers LLM with specialization in Business Laws and Human Rights, while NALSAR University of Law Hyderabad is known for its LLM with specialization in Intellectual Property Law and also Corporate Law.


Research programmes

Very few universities in India offer MPhil degree in Law. However, NALSAR Hyderabad has a one-year MPhil programme with special focus on teaching and research. PhD programme in Law is offered at many universities including Delhi University, Madras University, Calcutta University, Bombay University, Nagpur University, National Law School Bangalore, NALSAR Hyderabad, NUJS Kolkata and NLU Jodhpur. The minimum qualification is LLM with 55% marks. Generally this calls for 3-5 years of original research by the candidate under one or more supervisors on an unexplored area in law.


Job Prospects

There are a plethora of opportunities for a law graduate. One can either practice as an advocate in a court of law or work with corporate firms. By clearing exams conducted by Public Service Commissions, a law graduate can become a judge. After gaining experience, a law graduate can hope to become Solicitor General, a Public Prosecutor or offer services to government departments and ministries. One can also work as a legal adviser for various organisations. Teaching in colleges, working with NGOs and working as a reporter for newspapers and television channels are other attractive options.

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The Civil Services refer to the civil service and the permanent bureaucracy of the Government of India. The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country. In the parliamentary democracy of India, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the elected representatives of the people which are the ministers. But the handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the manifold problems of modern administration. Thus the ministers lay down the policy and it is for the civil servants to carry out this policy. The executive decisions are implemented by the Indian civil servants. The members of civil service serve at the pleasure of the President of India and Article 311 of the constitution protects them from politically motivated or vindictive action. Civil servants are employees of the Government of India; however, not all employees of the Government are civil servants. Civil servants in a personal capacity are paid from the Civil List. Senior civil servants may be called to account by Parliament.

The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS) among others.The examination is one of the toughest examinations in India with success rate of 0.1%-0.3% with more than 900,000 applicants. It is conducted in two phases - the Preliminary examination, consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies and Aptitude Test), and the Main examination, consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type followed by the Personality Test (Interview).The entire process from the notification of the Preliminary examination to declaration of the final results takes roughly one year.


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