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This has been one of the most lucrative and competitive course to study since its inception in Indian engineering schools, colleges and universities. When India's computer industry created mark in world of business and gained super trust and revenue for the nation it also created large amount of well paid jobs for Computer Engineering students.

Computer science and engineering students will learn about basic engineering techniques, as other engineering students, during first year course. These techniques include Engineering Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, and Engineering drawing. From second year they are exposed to core computer science subjects like programming, data structures, Digital logic, Theoretical computer science, Algorithms, Computer networks, Operating systems, Web technologies, Databases and Computer Architecture are few to mention. This is really an excellent field to have opportunities both in software companies and higher studies. As computing is extensively applied to almost every walk of life it created massive jobs for Computer Engineering students. On the same time more demand and application kept it research funding alive attracting many students to opt for higher studies.


Skills Required:

People who enjoy a career in computer engineering usually have strong analytical skills and are able to focus on many tasks at once. Because computer engineers must sometimes work with customers and clients, the ability to express computer-related information in layman's terms is also valued. People who have passion for Computers and gadgets should go for CS engineering.


Core companies offering jobs to Computer science Engineers:

Government organizations like DRDL, ISRO, BARC , ECIL and BEL offer jobs to computer science students. There are thousands of multinational and national software companies offer jobs to computer engineers. To name few famous, Microsoft, Google, Yahoo, Amazon, IBM, Facebook, Oracle, Cisco, Infosys, TCS, and Wipro.

Average Salary for Computer science engineer: 4-5 Lakh INR a year.(Big Companies offer above 10lakh/annum pakages)

Universities and institutes offering Computer Science and Engineering Degree:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Civil engineering is one of the most traditional engineering studies in India.A bachelor degree in civil engineering will give good opportunities in industry as India is moving fast forward for infrastructure development and one the same time leave a good space for higher studies at home and abroad like MS in civil engineering. Almost all top universities offer MS in civil engineering and there are good opportunities PhD and research too.

In the first year of study students will learn about the basic engineering techniques along with mathematics and engineering design. From second year students will be more focused towards core subject studies. Few of the subjects taught in these four years are Fluid Mechanics, Soil Mechanics, Design of Structures, and Structural Mechanics and water recourse engineering. Students are also partly exposed to subjects like Transportation Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Remote Sensing, Transportation Systems Engineering..etc.

Skills Required

Civil engineers plan and build construction projects from roadways to office buildings. Strong math and science skills are essential for the occupation, so significant coursework in these areas is required.

Core Companies for Civil Engineers: Associated Engineering Consultants, Larsen & Toubro Ltd., Railways, Engineers India Ltd., DRDO, ISRO, SERC and Jaypee Group are to name few companies and organizations that offer jobs to civil engineering students.

Average Salary for Civil engineer: 5-8 Lakh INR a year.

Posts on which a Civil Engineer can work:
  • Project Engineer,Construction
  • Assistant Project Manager,Construction
  • Project Manager,Construction
  • Construction Manager
  • Project Engineer
  • Structural Enginer

Universities and institutes offering Civil Engineering Degree:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Mechanical engineering is one of oldest branch of engineering and this course is available in almost all engineering colleges across India. Mechanical engineering is really a broad field of engineering because of its application. It has application right from manufacturing plants, vehicles, ships, robots, heating and cooling systems, aircrafts, even in medical devices.

During the first year of Mechanical Engineering Degree students learn common engineering methods, mathematics, physics, chemistry and engineering design. From second they are exposed to specialized subjects like mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, materials science, energy…etc. Mechanical Engineering students after graduation will have the knowledge of these engineering concepts and will be ready to use them for industry.

Skills Required

excellent technical knowledge,good team working skills,the ability to manage projects,a high level of IT skill, particularly computer aided design.

Core Companies offering Mechanical Engineering Jobs: ISRO, DRDO, Indian Railway, ABB, TATA Motors, General Motors, Fiat, Reliance Industries, Reliance Power Ltd, Asoka Leyland, Mahindra and Mahindra etc.

Average Salary for Mechanical engineer: 5-8 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes offering Mechanical Engineering Degree:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Student after 12th talking about engineering subjects looking to Engineering subject and for electrical engineering and think that it's a kind advanced work of an electrician, who come home to repair our electric fans and lights. But in reality its entirely different from that and you will be learning whole lot of Electrical engineering techniques and related stuff in this course.

During first year of engineering electrical engineering students learn about Common engineering courses like Engineering mathematics, Physics, Engineering Drawing and fundamentals of computing. From second year they will start learning about Thermodynamics, introductory electronics, signal processing and instrumentation, signals, systems and electric networks, microelectronics, control systems, communication systems, power systems, electromagnetic systems, electrical machines, and power generation techniques. By the end of final year students can be well equipped with the understanding of working and application of electric systems and engineering.

There are equally good opportunities for jobs in electrical engineering industry and higher education. There is lot of multidisciplinary research for developing electric vehicles with great funding and scope all over there world. On the same time good opportunities back home in industry.

Skills Required

Being highly skilled with computers has become a necessity for those interested in an electrical engineering career; in addition, one must have an interest in science and math to obtain any job in the field. An ability to think outside the box is also needed, since those with electrical engineering careers search for innovative ways to incorporate electronics into everyday products and high-tech machines. People interested in an electrical engineering career must have a background in technical writing and public speaking because people in the field frequently make presentations.

Core Companies offering ELectrical Engineering Jobs: ABB, Bajaj International Private Ltd., Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Centre for Electronics Design and Technology, Crompton Greaves Limited (CGL), Siemens Ltd., Reliance power Ltd., and Wipro Lighting etc.

Average Salary for Electrical engineer: 4-7 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes offering Electrical Engineering Degree:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Electronics & Communication Engineering is one of the fastest growing disciplines of engineering. ECE is an interface of information technology and chip level hardware. It provides the knowledge of electronics devices and software application. All telecom and software industries are the work fields for the ECE engineers. It has a good job opportunity in private and government sector.

First year of electronics and engineering course dedicated to teach students about basic engineering techniques such as engineering mathematics, physics, chemistry and engineering drawing to name few. From second year of studies student start to learn about core Electronics and communication engineering subjects like digital electronics and logic design, fundamentals of communication engineering, electronic circuits, signals and systems, power electronics, applied electromagnetic theory, integrated circuits, VLSI, control systems and computer architecture are just few to mention.

Skills Required

good communication skills, good planning and organisation skills, good hand-eye coordination, the ability to undertake detailed and elaborate work, the ability to identify, analyse and solve problems, to enjoy computing and technical design.

Core Companies: Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Intel, Samsung Electronics, Sony, Toshiba, Philips Semiconductors, Texas Instruments, LG Electronics, Nokia, AMD, CISCO, Nvdia, HP and IBM are just few to mention.

Average Salary: 4-7 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Almost All State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • All Deemed universities

Biotechnology in general is using technology in biological research or studies. Bioengineering and Bioinformatics are specialized domains of biotechnology. At B.Tech (bachelor degree in engineering) and M.Tech (master degree in engineering) student learn about basic principle of biology and engineering. They learn about using technology especially modern devices to create specific conditions for biological experiments. Most of the devices are related to experiments on cells and proteins, therefore biological courses related to cell and proteins are taught extensively.Biotech is basically use of technology for improving the speed of biological research not developing devices. This course provides manpower that is aware of the use of latest devices for biological research to pharmaceutical industry.

Most of the Biotech students go for higher studies abroad, as there is huge funding these days, they get good opportunities work in well established labs. Also they have opportunities to work for domestic and international pharma industry, though these are rare.

Skills Required

outgoing and enthusiastic, work well in teams, adaptable, like inventing things, public speaker,multitasking skills,quick learning skills

Core Companies: Ranbaxy, Dr. Reddy labs, Cipla and GlaxoSmithKlineg are few to name apart from many Government funded research organizations and CSIR labs. There are good research opportunities abroad.

Average Salary: 4-6 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes:
  • All IITs
  • All NITs
  • Some State universities and Private Engineering colleges
  • Some Deemed universities
  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre of Biotechnology, Trivandrum
  • School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad
  • Institute of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai

This is a specialized and improved branch of mechanical engineering that involve learning about design and construction of airplanes, aircraft and spacecrafts. This course needs a good understanding of basic mathematics and physics because lot of fundamental principles from physics and mathematics are extensively applied in flight technology. Speaking more practically, don't have an expectation that you will visit all top Aerospace lab in the world and exposed to all space settles in B.Tech (bachelor degree in engineering) or M.Tech (master degree in engineering) course. This course will teach your basic principles of flight engineering with few individual experiments. For example, you may have a lab to experiment vibration, propulsion and thermodynamics. You will test all of them individually not in aircraft.

Skills Required

Skills in math and physical science, Mechanical and technical skills, Writing and business knowledge, Analytical and critical-thinking skills, Ability to work well with others

Core Companies: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, there are few private companies like Boeing, GE who offer job for aerospace engineering. Finding a job is core aerospace engineering is not easy.

Average Salary: 4-6 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes:
  • Many IITs
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
  • Some Deemed universities
  • Hindustan Inst of Engineering Technology, Chennai
  • Indian Institute of Aeronautical Engineering, Dehradun
  • Academy of Aerospace and Aviation, Indore

Chemical engineering studies involve all common engineering subjects in first year. From second year the specialized courses will begin that include fluid mechanics, chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, surface science, catalysis and reaction engineering. Till final year students will read about chemical process and properties and topics like chemical reactors, chemical thermodynamics and experimenting with latest technology and devices.

By the end of final year students will be exposed to chemicals, polymers, petroleum, pharmaceuticals along with computer and information technology for the development of chemical engineering processes. There are good amount of opportunities for chemical engineering students, they are hired mostly by pharmaceutical, polymer and petroleum companies. There are good amount of higher studies opportunities too but need to compete with a larger pool of MSc chemistry, Biology and Pharmacy students.

Skills Required

Creative, Problem solving skills, Team player, Detail orientated, Calm under pressure

Core Companies: ONGC, Reliance Industries Ltd., Essar Oil Limited, Gujarat Gas Company Limited, Indo Gulf Fertilizers Ltd, Coromandel Fertilizers Limited. Along with these there are number of research and development opportunities for chemical engineering students

Average Salary: 3-5 Lakh INR a year.
Universities and institutes:
  • Many IITs
  • Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
  • Many NITs
  • BITS all most all braches
  • Many state universities and many private engineering colleges too
Other Engineering branches include
  • Materials and Metallurgical Engineering:
    In this course of engineering students will learn about the physical and chemical properties of different metal, their mixtures and applications. Students will learn about preparing metal that satisfy industry demands, like aircraft, high temperature ovens,
  • Petroleum Engineering:
    Petroleum engineering degrees are not very popular in India because of fewer universities offering admissions to petroleum engineering and less awareness in parents. During the first year of study in petroleum engineering students usually learn about basic engineering methods and techniques and from second year very specialized courses in petroleum engineering are offered that include Reservoir Studies, Gas Hydrates, Environmental Impact of Petroleum Fluid Operation, Characterization of Crude oil, Development of Computer Software, Polymer Synthesis and Characterization, Profile Modification, Development of Novel Fracturing Fluid, Characterization and Separation of Oil-Water Emulsion..
  • Mining Engineering:
    The year of mining engineering studies are common to other engineering course, where students learn about basic engineering studies, mathematics, engineering drawing. .etc. From second year of mining engineering course students learn about Rock Mechanics, Underground and Surface Environment, Geomatics, Mine Safety, and Reliability, and relevant computer applications.


  • Duration of almost all engineering branches is 4 years in India